Mythological Greek navigators first discovered the grapevine in this region. Even today a bay at the eastern coast of Istria bears the name of Kalavojna which is a somewhat distorted neologism originating from Greek, meaning good wine. The ancient Roman writers competed in praising the good quality of the Istrian olive oil and its wine, the real enigma being the local wine Vinum Pucinum related to the Roman Empress Julia Augusta. The brisk old lady and the empress claimed that her longevity was due only to the Vinum Pucinum. Undoubtedly, he was referring to an Istrian wine, most probably teran. But, the secret is tied to its geographical origin so that ancient townlets, Sovinjak and Motovun, dispute over this privilege, since in his writings, Plinius mentions a hill in the hinterland of Istria, where one can feel crisp air from the sea.

Also, the great adventurer and Latin lover, Giacomo Casanova, wrote in his famous memoirs that upon his visit to Istria, he had a pleasure of tasting a superb wine by the name of refosc. The great Austro-Hungarian Monarchy let itself be tempted to the Istrian wines. In the year 1902, it built a small, narrowgauge railroad from Trieste to Porec, carrying a popular name of the Wine Railroad.

Istria, this miniature continent and the largest peninsula of the Adriatic coast, slopes gently into the sea towards the eternally sunny southwest. The wine's bouquet and body is enriched by the special land structure, i.e. the red soil spreading over the littoral and the white soil covering the hinterland area. The vineyards spread over approx. 15.200 acres of land. The western viticulture area (in the vicinity of Porec, Buje, Pula and Rovinj) is the largest, its vineyards covering approx. 14.430 acres. The Central Istria wine-growing hills (around Buzet and Pazin) spread over some 516.44 acres, while in the eastern part (near Labin), there are around 255 acres of vinegrapes.



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